184 FLORA INDICA.
toeotmb of the flora of their summits is, however, a deside-
The vegetation of the plain of t!Le Carnatic has been in-
vestigated by so many persons, that it is now thoroughly
well known. The earliest peninsular botanists were the Danish
missionaries, who originally settled at Trauquebur ; and most
of the collectors who have visited the peninsula have tra-
versed the Curnatic en route to the interior. It is therefore1!
uiincccssaj^r to enumerate the names of all those who have
The province of Mysore is bounded on tho north by the
Dekhan, oa& the west by the mountain axis of the peninsula,
and ou the cast and south by the low country of the Ciir-
natte. It is usually described as a table-laud enclosed be-
tween the western and eastern Ghats; a form of expression
which has doubtless originated in the fact that a considerable
rise is made in entering the province from cither side.
The Western Ghats, as we have already fully explained,
form a chain extending in a direction parallel to the west-
ern ocean; and Mysore, which occupies the eastern and more
gentle slope of these mountains, contains tho upper part of
the basins of the Cavery, Penar, and Tungratmdra river*, all
of which, discharge their waters into the Bay of .Bengal.
Through the centre of this elevated tract; nearly in the
parallel of Mangalor and Madras, is situated the watershed
which separates the first of these riv.ers from the two latter.
This is not an elevated ridge, but a rounded .and often scarcely
perceptible swelling, usually undulating very gently, but rising
at intervals into rugged masses often more than a thousand
feet above its mean elevation. The highest summits in My-
sore (except in the district of Nagar) are situated on this
line, and are north-east and north of Bangalor, where several
peaks rise to 4000 feet, and one to £500 feet. To the north
of this range the elevation is less considerable, but the ap-